--The 2-Way Book Format^--
(last worked on: May 22nd, 2017 and dedicated to Peggy: my book molester wife  :-)
(With the 5/22/2017 re-edit, I'm calling this page "finished".)
You're at https://craigeroochi.neocities.org/books.html
^But the next step in the evolution of (and let's hear it for) ink-on-paper books:

--is lay-flat binding! (comb, spiral, ring, whatever)
(Book, ink and paper lovers --unite! Debout!)

The following step
in the ink-on-paper book renaissance is:
--The 2-Way Book Format--
* This is not only the age of the "analog renaissance" (re: a barely noticeable resurgence of film cameras, vinyl phonograph records, "paper people" and their fountain pens), it's also an age of self expression, feed-back, user/reader comments, and (arghhhh) "tweeting" --thus: this modest proposal. Simply add a bit of space to the top^ right ("recto") pages of books --space which would accommodate and invite thoughts/insights of the moment (before they evaporate), as well as more considered contributions --perhaps to begin a serial discussion across time with the book's author and whoever the next reader might be: an older self, a grandchild, or a future, unknown, reading companion. Such reader comments make a book unique, perhaps to become a family heirloom or even a literary contribution in its own right. Such a book also becomes a unique "time capsule" for others to discover.

^ Lower right if you prefer, but upper right would be easier for right handed entries. Longer contributions could either carry over to the next page or to the book's provided end papers.

* Memos and helpful annotations added to an e-book via (say) a "Post-a-Note" utility in an e-reader type application --are unlikely to survive. Whereas a book's contents might patiently wait decades or even a century to be picked up, appreciated, and to once again find living expression; our digital devices (along with any contributions there-in) end their short lives in some God-forsaken, 3rd world, toxic dump.

* I expect this renewed literary tradition (that of readers responding to the encouragement of provided comment space) would sell quite a few extra gift copies of popular books. Reader-responders would want their circle of friends to see their (nicely copied over, polished/reconsidered) commentaries.

** I'm talking affordable paperbacks, of course, but I'm also talking volume, perhaps at (say) $6 each, four packs for $19.95, ten packs for $39 --as with-it publishing houses race to grab market with "spaced" versions of familiar and new titles. They'd become the perfect, personalized (with your own annotations), ever-so-mailable, spontaneous "in" gift among the educated.

** But let's also talk a publishing renaissance and higher priced, upscale, multi-copy book sets --complete with calligraphic nibs or fountain pens and your choice of several included inks. (Hello!)

** This is also an age of multi-task reading (while maybe eating, web browsing the book's references, petting a cat, or writing those annotations). Therefore I'm  not  talking about having to hold a "self-shutting" paperback open with two hands (and then keep repositioning it to follow text down into the binding margin).

* That means (per the top of this web page) going to lay-flat, comb, spiral or some other user-friendly binding innovation.

Hey: we're all spoiled now by our flat screens --which don't have to be "held open" to read (or to write upon).

* Isn't it interesting how adverse we (currently) feel about "scribbling" more than a gift inscription? Why? Our personal and sincere contributions are far better than any gift wrapping.



* For a livelier option:

This 2-way-book proposal seems to dovetail nicely with a coherent and well established approach to "releasing books into the wild":

* "BookCrossing" is a free, 15 year-old, web based, centralized organization which --interestingly-- tracks the often considerable geographic travels of their tagged books. Book comments and discussions are posted as well --very nearly what the 2WB effort seeks to accomplish. They'd of course have no problem with complimentary, constructive or critical annotations contributed into a book's margins, end pages or provided spaces.

* BookCrossing management, per their FAQs #91 and #86, is almost of two minds about placing their tagged books in for-sale venues. This is understandable in that (and it's just myself talking here), being centrally data accessible, BXers would be put in a situation of having professional book sharks glomming onto placed books before anyone else could get to them. (Happens anyway?)

Of course, one might see resale as part of the "natural life cycle" of books (owner - buyer-reseller, or owner-Amazon.com-owner), and it doesn't seem fair that BXers have to buy their books at the regular new or used price, but feel hesitant to recover part of that price, or to pass any gain on to a charitable book sale. (The argument that BXers can find their books at other placement sites doesn't hold. I understand that most BX released books simply vanish.)

* BookCrossing only allows ink-on-paper books into its system. This is also understandable in that BookCrossing is about books. (Presumably, they'd also prefer not to get into the middle of copyright enforcement actions against easily duplicated/forged media.)

* The "World Lending Library" concept (per that other sticker in the open book photo) (which has no other Web presence that I'm aware of) --also encourages the free placement and circulation of books, but has no problem with placements of other media or with the resale of tagged items through any type of commerce or charity. Books tagged with the WLL sticker can be sold to a book store, left in co-operating restaurants, coffee shops, service clubs, donated to charitable or public library book sales for "the next person". Tagged books that you value can also be kept in your personal library indefinitely --but please consider buying a replacement copy or two for "the next person/s"^. Annotations are also encouraged (minimally signed or anonymously is okay).

* Participants should, of course, expect and respect the right of their book exchange host to review titles before placing them on the shelf for her/his customers/patrons to see. (Please: nothing overtly "lewd".) So simply use the donation box. Staff will then place your book or other item onto their book sale shelves.

^ Again: the first copy of a book you care enough about to annotate is likely to be a keeper, so we're probably talking a bit of "book evangelism" here --through repurchases and re-drafts of your original comments.


I babble on about the:
2-way book format

* With the invention and the dynamic (hallelujah!) acceptance of e-inkTM, Paper-likeTM and the reMarkableTM tablet (per: https://getremarkable.com/ ), the future of ink-on-paper publishing is looking dicey --but: let's take another look. A renaissance of paper (real paper) might come upon us as rapidly as have our many digital revolutions --providing that publishers keep up with our --expressive-- cultural times.

This be the "paperless" era?

You might recall that we're now supposed to be living well into a "paperless" future. Instead, we've been buying stationery by the case instead of the ream. A big break for paper has come as the desktop printer industry finally breaks ranks on the per-page cost of ink. (I suppose that 24/7 Postal service is too much to wish for.)


I babble on about:
Annotated books:

* There've been a number of titles like the seminal "The Annotated Alice^" (by Martin Gardner) for classic titles which could benefit from informed, entertaining commentary and guidance. The genre existed before Gardner's magnum opus (or they amounted to "The Annotated ____"). We own an 1845 edition of Rev. Milman's "Gibbon's Rome" --a reboot of Edward Gibbon's 1776-1788 "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" with its ample footnoting.  Such clarification and backgrounding for old terms, implicit assumptions, concepts and turns of phrase are most welcome.

Our own, more ordinary comments, dissents, criticisms, supplementary information and corrections might also make welcome reading companionship --cramped though they be into the thin margins of standard books.

^The Annotated Alice places Gardner's comments at the end of each chapter, whereas Milman's footnotes are on the same page (as are Witold Rybczynski's) --which is far more user friendly. Consequently, and except for reading through the original text, the PDF copy of The Annotated Alice that I have is not usable. It was probably meant to hotlink back and forth, but that utility doesn't work. (I'm using a year 2014 version 6.2+ of "Foxit" reader and my PDF copy of Alice is dated 2006.)

My on-going, real world anchor in appended comments is via traveling folios of 3-D print pairs which the Stereoscopic Society of America has been sending around the United States by Post for almost 100 years (35 of them on my watch). These traditionally formatted, often artistically executed "view cards" --the kind which fit into a classic "parlor stereoscope", have a subject or scene on the front and a description/legend on the back. At each stop our members contribute comments, much in the vein I'm suggesting here for books --onto each view's protective sleeve, provided flap and/or into the folio's notebook (which is for our more extended comments). I'm so steeped in this practice that it's only with effort --that I resist looking behind framed paintings to see if there might be some kind of a legend on their versos as well.  :-)

In an interview from Wisconsin Public Radio's To the Best Of Our Knowledge at:
> http://www.ttbook.org/book/reading-history-margins

--Anthony Grafton (Princeton) discussed how assiduously books use to be read --"pen in hand" for annotations or with "copy book" in hand: serious reading. I agree with Grafton that today's computers and e-book readers (like the Kindle system) can amount to the same intensity --as we juggle and struggle between open windows, other sources, keyword searches, "saves"/download folders, and even digital "Post-a-Notes" which stay on a screen/page. But I also agree that today's readers skim/p.

The first segment in that TBOOK program (with Mary Ann Wolf) suggested that the displacement of printed books by e-book and Internet web pages depletes the focus, good reading habits and expectations we use to cultivate by reading printed pages --that the typical digital reading grist, the HTML links and the styles we encounter, can lead to a "grasshopper mind". (Nice term  :-)

* Again: ephemeral digital entries into some proprietary device seem a poor follow-on to such past practices of "serious reading". Instead of digital entries, instead of scrawling comments into the marginal margins of real books, I propose that space be provided to facilitate both casual and serious annotation --including the tradition of blank end pages for the reader's indexing, extended footers, references and remarks. (Having a digital copy of a title as well can --of course-- be a great convenience in recovering things only half remembered, but an added personal index plus tabbing out salient pages of real books also helps immensely.)

Grafton and interviewer Ann Strangechamps (spell?) sounded apologetic about their own dog-earing of pages, underlining and such. Well tch-tch --especially if that extends to annotations. There's potential treasure to be found in the margins of annotated books. Partly because of such book idolizing perceptions, marked up books are usually sold at steep discount. (And partly: because many folks make such a cryptic mess of it.)

There's also that "déclassé" thing: not wanting to share a public transportation seat (or a public book) with the "unwashed". But a book doesn't have to be annotated by some notable eminence (say: you have a reproduction of a marked up book from Sir Isaac Newton's private library). Any sincere notation provides us with the insights of and insights into a fellow reading companion --along with the times s/he lives/d in: the very basis of would-be cultures of record which authors of fiction and non-fiction attempt to capture.

In the democratic spirit of Wikipedia's open editing and "Talk" sections; in blogs and in the comments sections of web page presentations, ever more people want to engage with topics, authors and even products. We are, by and large, no longer content to simply take what's given to us^^. We have our own (however cock-eyed) opinions to lodge. Newspapers, magazines, TV and radio shows need Web sites and "Letters sections" for these outpourings --and just look at those Amazon.com reviews: they're gushing about products, book, CD and DVD titles.

(^^The establishment tried to foist Hillary on us --didn't work. We got Trump.) (Eee-yuu: talk about déclassé!)

* So: I suggest that books have not only fallen behind the times, but that they could have long since been leading --and to better places. I also suggest that there's a reseller's future in "scribbled-up" books, especially if provision is normally made for that very purpose, and as the idea of informally annotated books matures. Given published comment space and the expectation of finding reader contributions in a used book, such added remarks would cease to look like graffiti --and readers would take more care with their entries. After all: books are forever--


Dealing with existing books:

--but digital and physical Post-a-NotesTM aren't forever.

* I tried this approach but it seems a poor solution, plus they're likely to be thoughtlessly removed.

* At this writing, nothing seems totally satisfactory. Even a half page of blank space (every other page) would soon be chockablock full after the book has passed through a few hands --but then again: life is like that. We always have to work within limitations --and are often the better for it.

Yes: the scholarly thing would be to write a proper, published review or another book, but that doesn't get at the goal of a more democratic and conversational state of engagement.

Another consideration is that digitally annotating (onto/into an e-book) and passing it around presents copyright and "creative control" problems (assuming it's even "DRM" possible to forward a copy + notes that way). Of course, were an author to e-publish under a liberal Creative Commons license or (preferably) straight into public domain, then some sort of a modifiable digital format would seem to be feasible --but that's another and a rather remote (to this page) issue.

Least worst --for existing books.

Witold Rybczynski's Paper Heroes

* So okay, I bit the bullet and just started scritching in my marginal comments with a sharp pencil, hoping some other solution "would find me" via the actual doing of it. I wrote what I could squeeze in, going to the next page when needed, gently using an eraser for any changes. The result is rather messy --but it's (what?) honest/real.

* Hmmnnn some more: just found out this is a somewhat coveted, out of print, first edition. (Oh well.)

That does raise the issue of costs, however.

Rare and new books --especially about specialized subjects like astronomy and technical matters, can be costly. For some of us, it will take the courage of our convictions to crowd in our marginal comments. For myself and my wife, however --we just can't help ourselves: scritch scritch, underline underline, tab tab, dog ear dog ear. (She even highlights --and does so at length.)

* Never-the-less, I'm imagining books with contributions (of modest length) by more than one reader --and that they'd actually increase the 2nd hand value of a book (some day).  Were notables and/or the original author to participate, such a book might rise to auction and reprint status (with its annotations and discussions, of course).

* Right: as a percentage, relatively few people read books at all, let alone actively engage them. (There's even some question as to whether our new USA president is functionally literate --!)  However, the actual number of people this small percentage represents is not only marketably large, these reading/thinking/writing people are the basis of our (written-down) culture of record (and I can imagine more folks catching a new wave of book annotation).

* Physically: the two-way-book should be published on a reasonable facsimile of decent weight writing stationery with any gloss finish limited to images.


* Getting back to formatted 2-way books --again:
Traditional book binding is not acceptable.
* These books (all books) should be capable of being laid down flat with well designed, durable, comb bindings. The above example runs over 200 pages, handles well, and has endured 47 years of use over two generations. Such "text", "lab" and "work books" are well enough in their place, but instead of interest/hobby-killing assigned exercises, the self-motivated general public would surely prefer simple opportunities to log a reader's spontaneous responses/thoughts, project ideas, sketches and sightings/observations. Such accommodation could not only provide a two-way digestive outlet, but lead serious readers on to more scholarly practices, additional self-made journals and log books.

Again: the upper quarter to half of each right-hand^ page would be left blank or printed with faintly ruled lines for the reader's entries. Even novels could benefit from the courtesy of a bit of provided space.

(^ Does an upper right space work well enough for left-handed individuals?)

"Reading fuels the brain". "True communication is a two-way process". To best fix/anchor what's been gained, we need some kind of an outlet --at least a handy place to log our comments, insights and "take-homes". As added thoughts to the very sources from which they sprang, they'd be easier to recover and assess (by ourselves and others), even at a much later date.

* With such entry spaces and adequate text line spacing ("leading"), otherwise normal margins and (comb) binding allowance should serve --at least for the initial owner-reader-responder. (End papers for the rest.)

* With development, spreading acceptance, and in qualified hands, the "two way book" could also result in many new "The Annotated _____" titles. Re-issues of annotated public domain classics are of course a natural, but I'd expect follow-on titles in co-operation and contract with modern authors as well.

Republishing every worthwhile title in 2WB format, then over and again with a multitude of good commentaries --hey: that could become brisk business!